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Modeling Academic Professional Performance in Higher Education
pp. 1689-1708 | Article Number: ijese.2017.109
As a developing country, Indonesia is facing problems regarding lecturer performance. This study was intended to provide empirical evidence among variables related lecturer performance and to investigate the effect of reward system, lecturer satisfaction and commitment on lecturer performance in higher education institutions in Indonesia. A closed ended questionnaire was administered to collect data and 750 questionnaires were distributed by using snow ball sampling method to public and private universities in Indonesia. About 347 questionnaires were returned and could be further analyzed. Respondents were required to indicate their level of agreement on various items with a five-point scale. Path analysis was employed to test research hypotheses. Independent t-test and Anova test were also conducted to investigate the differences impact demographic data on the variables being examined. This research found that higher reward system, lecturer commitment and lecturer satisfaction significantly improve lecturer performance in higher education institutions in Indonesia. The findings and limitations are discussed and recommendations for education policy makers and researchers are also provided.
Keywords: Lecturer performance, reward, satisfaction, commitment, higher education
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Ghanaian Senior High School Students’ Error in Learning of Trigonometry
Farouq Sessah Mensah
pp. 1709-1717 | Article Number: ijese.2017.110
The purpose of the study was to explore students’ error in learning trigonometry. The samples were 100 students who were final year students preparing to write the 2017 West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) in the Central region of Ghana. The Mathematics Achievement Tests (MAT) and Trigonometrical Diagnostic Test (TDT) were used as the instruments of this study that included two components: the use of formula and right-angled method. Diagnostic interview was also used to identify the level at which students’ errors occur in solving problems involving trigonometry. The type of errors is based on Newman Error Hierarchy Model that includes reading type error, comprehension, transformation, process skill, encoding error and carelessness. The findings of the study showed that most students make error in process skill and transformation irrespective of the method used in solving trigonometry problems. There was no error found in students’ reading skills. The number of students who made encoding error and carelessness was relatively low. The students’ error in solving trigonometry problems was due to their weaknesses in basic arithmetical operations. The implication of the study was highlighted and recommendations were made based on the findings.
Keywords: Trigonometry, process skill error, transformation error, Comprehension error
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