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Factors Influencing Science Teachers’ Self-Efficacy
Xiantong Yang, & Qiang Wang
pp. 445-454 | Article Number: ijese.2019.037
This research explored the level of teachers’ self-efficacy based on their gender, education degree, title, grade levels, years of teaching and the correlation between these factors. Convenience sampling was used to select 148 science teachers in China. A survey method was used, and the data were collected using the Teacher Teaching Efficacy Scale (TSES). The results showed that the self-efficacy of most science teachers is at a medium level. Furthermore, there was a significant gap in the teachers’ self-efficacy based on their gender, education degree, years of teaching. Surprisingly, it was found that the efficacy of males is stronger than females in science teaching. Moreover, there was a moderate positive and significant correlation between science teachers’ self-efficacy and years of teaching. Teachers with a long teaching experience had the tendency to obtain a higher self-efficacy score. However, the science teachers with higher degree would have a lower sense of efficacy. Therefore, it is concluded that skills training in student management, classroom management and teaching strategies should be strengthened while improving the degree among the pre-service teachers. In addition, the self-efficacy of female science teachers should be more concerned.
Keywords: self-efficacy, science teacher, gender, years of teaching
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The Consumer Interpretation of Social Networks Publications: A Case Study about Luxury Fashion Brands in Portugal
Maria Nascimento Cunha, José Magano, & Sunday Alisigwe
pp. 455-468 | Article Number: ijese.2019.038
Today luxury is everywhere. Everybody wants his products to be luxury. The concept of luxury is attractive and fashionable.
In the current digital communication landscape, social networks represent an important brand communication channel. The general objective of this research is to understand consumer interpretation owing to the publications of luxury fashion brands in social networks.
Specifically analyzed were the dimensions of information, word of mouth, trends, personalization, interactivity, brand value and purchase intention. Starting with the use of the quantitative method, a questionnaire survey was conducted, and the instrument was created based on the model of Yadav and Rahman (2017).
It was found that Portuguese consumers consider that luxury fashion brands make publications on social networks that contain useful information, spreading trends, responding to consumers’ needs and interacting with them. As a result, consumers value these brands and manifest intention in purchasing them.
Keywords: social networks, luxury fashion brands, attitudes, consumers
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The Distribution of Patterns and Types of Questions in Genetic Learning Implementing Reading-Questioning-Answering Learning Model
Slamet Hariyadi, & Aloysius Duran Corebima
pp. 469-477 | Article Number: ijese.2019.039
It is important to identify the characteristics of questions in learning activities so teachers understand the material mastery level of students. The study aimed at documenting the patterns and types of questions in genetic lecture using RQA (Reading, Questioning, Answering) learning. The data were collected by documenting all the questions during the learning process, and the sentence structures were analyzed referring to the guide of Krathwohl as the revision form of the Bloom guide. The findings of the study showed that the patterns of questions were not always similar to the questioning skill theory due to the linguistic structure and the understanding in communication during the learning interaction. The most types of questions occurred were understand as much as 40.3% related to cognitive dimension, conceptual as much as 41.1% related to knowledge dimension, and classify as much as 23.4% related to the cross section between cognitive and knowledge dimension. These results are important for the evaluation based of the learning achievements.
Keywords: cognitive dimension, genetic learning, knowledge dimension, question distribution, RQA learning model
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The Impact of the Integration of Islamic Learning and Science through Virtual Mechatronics Approach to Student Learning Outcomes at UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, West Java, Indonesia
pp. 479-491 | Article Number: ijese.2019.040
This paper investigates the impact of the integration of Islamic learning and science through virtual mechatronics approach to student learning outcomes in the line of revelation guides sciences as a scientific paradigm developed at UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung. This paradigm was implemented in the form of the integration between Islamic learning and science as an academic tradition. One of which is through virtual mechatronics approach in the process of Islamic learning and science at Department of Physics Education, Faculty of Education and Teaching, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung. The results of the previous learning evaluations show that the students are more knowledgeable in the field of Islamic learning than applied science, but after the integration of sciences through a virtual mechatronics approach, they are proven to be more familiar and master in applied science. In the other words, they are not only proven the knowledge of Islamic learning and science theoretically, but also can solve the various cases around religious issues through using the scientific approach. The results of this study can be referenced and useful for integrating Islamic learning and science with various approaches to other learning processes.
Keywords: integration, Islamic learning, science, virtual mechatronics, learning outcomes
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Assessment of Insect Pest and Their Damage Level on Crops in Oromia, West Shoa Zone, Ethiopia
Fikadu Kumsa Gemechu, & Dejene Fulea Dilbo
pp. 493-497 | Article Number: ijese.2019.041
Insect pest of crop is one of the most damaging plant parts and yields. Insect pests cause enormous loss to litchi through direct and indirect invasion on various plant parts. The study was conducted during the month of April to June 2019 in Goda Galan kebele. The aim of study was to differentiate the key insect pest, to estimate the economic loss of this insect pest and to identify the types of control measures in study area. Data was collected by using observation of farmers’ farm land, by interviewing farmers and village extension workers and by reviewing recorded document from office of agricultural of the study sites. The researcher was carried out on the selected 84 households. The finding indicates that the major key insect pest in study area were armyworm, steam borer and grasshopper. The yield loss due to key insect pest different was based on types of crops. On corn yield lost was due to armyworm and steam borer was 2-6Qu per hectare. Behind to this the way to farmers’ control those insect pest of crops were chemical methods and cultural methods like crop rotation, sanitation early crops and removing debris. It is recommended that integrated pest management approach should be introduced in the study area to control key insect pest.
Keywords: assessment, insect pest, crops damage, economic losses
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